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2012/04/18

Renal failure patient's diet should eat

Master what kind of principles? Kidney disease experts advise: the diet of patients with renal failure is not the same at different times? Weight is not the same as the diet of patients with renal failure is not the same:
An intake of high quality protein
Renal failure patients should limit protein intake, in order to reduce the burden on the kidneys, but eat less, consume the body's muscles and splanchnic tissues, it is necessary to eat the correct and sufficient "quantity" and "quality" protein, the amount ofshould be 1 to 1.2 grams per kilogram of body weight per day, intake of high value, high quality physiological animal protein foods, such as: milk, eggs, meat. Produce more nitrogen-containing waste due to lower utilization of plant proteins in the body, metabolism, and so can not be safe to eat, such as: beans (red beans, mung beans, peas, broad beans, soybeans, peas, nuts), soy products ( tofu, dried tofu, soy milk), gluten products (wheat gluten, flour, intestinal, baked bran), nuts (seeds, peanuts, walnuts, cashew, chestnut).
Second, adequate intake of calories
Protein restriction, in order to avoid the lack of caloric intake, will increase the production of nitrogenous waste, eat more high-calorie and very low protein food supplement.Vegetable oil (such as: soybean oil, peanut oil), low-protein starch (such as: Cheng powder, white powder, lotus root starch) and carbohydrates (such as: rock candy, honey, ginger candy, fruit sugar) to produce a variety of delicious snacks, the heat intake per day, 30 to 40 kcal per kilogram of body weight to avoid weight loss over even.
Third, careful control of moisture
When kidney failure and decreased urine output, water will accumulate in the body, increased load on the cardiovascular system, no vitality, edema, weight gain, cough, lie down and shortness of breath, lower hematocrit (Hct), and concurrent high blood pressure, heart failure, pericarditis, and dialysis due to dehydration is a drastic one, prone to headaches, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps imbalance syndrome. Daily weight gain is limited to no more than one kilogram of water intake for the day before the total urine output plus 500 to 700 milliliters (ml). If the first day urine output was 500ml, then 500cC 500 (7D0) ml = 1000 ~ 1200ml, all-day drink of water, including water, porridge, milk, soup and beverages. Avoid drinking mostly water, ice water mouthwash, chewing gum or squeeze a little lemon juice to reduce the sensation of thirst, try taking the time to focus on consumption, reduce the amount of water to the soup.
Fourth, pay attention to the control of salt
Renal failure can not be discharged to water, salt, easily lead to edema and increased blood pressure. Patients should not be a day more than the consumption of 5 grams of salt. 1 gram (1/5 of tea soup) salt = 6/5 of tea soup soy sauce = 1 tea soup MSG, so the above seasoning contains salt do not feel free to add; can be used instead of sugar, onions, ginger, garlic to improve the taste. And should be limited to high-sodium foods such as processed canned, salted and smoked products, Lay sauce, pickles, pickled vegetables and fast food. Loss of appetite, without salt restriction, to be able to eat the nutritious for the former title, wait for a good appetite, nutritionally adequate, and then limit the salt.
Fifth, beware of potassium is too high
Potassium ions can not be excreted by the kidneys of the severely damaged, can cause hyperkalemia "may cause numbness of the fingers, fatigue, weakness, chest, nausea, stiff tongue, difficulty speaking, loss of consciousness, serious arrhythmia or cardiac arrest. Hyperkalemia reasons, including: 1. Inadequate dialysis; no appetite; constipation; 4. Intake of high potassium foods, high potassium vegetable, to go to Peel and cut into small pieces, with plenty of clean boiled ~ 5 minutes picked up coffee, tea, chicken, and the concoction of the potassium content of the oil mix or fried; high cause hyperkalemia. High potassium vegetables: green leafy vegetables (such as spinach, water spinach, amaranth, lettuce), mushrooms, seaweed, kelp, carrots, potatoes.Potassium fruits: bananas, tomatoes, dates, oranges, oranges, mangoes, persimmons, cantaloupe, grapefruit, carambola (easy to burp), it is recommended each time a fruit-based, weight about 1/6 is appropriate. Low potassium fruits: pineapple, papaya, watermelon, pear, strawberry, lemon, etc., but not Yichi.
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